This set of maps was made to examine how neighborhood (里) education level statistics might be related to relative Protestant church strength for seven coastal districts of Taichung City that are on/near the Taiwan Strait, in comparison to the eight core urban districts of Taichung. The impetus for this mapping project grew from the observation that the seven coastal districts have a total December, 2017, population of 435,467 but has only 38 Protestant churches, for an average of one church for every 11,460 people. In contrast, the nearby eight core urban districts of Taichung have a total December, 2017, population of 1,117, 763, and 235 churches, for an average of one church for every 4,756 people. What explains this large statistical differences for two areas that are very close to one another?

 

The seven coastal districts are: Taan ( 大安區 ), Tachia ( 大甲區 ), Waipu ( 外埔區 ), Chingshui ( 清水區 ), Shalu ( 沙鹿區 ), Wuchi ( 梧棲區 ), and Lungching ( 龍井區 ). The eight core urban districts are: Central ( 中區 ), North ( 北區 ), West ( 西區 ), South ( 南區 ), East ( 東區 ), Peitun ( 北屯區 ), Hsitun ( 西屯區 ), and Nantun ( 南屯區 ). Although the focus of these maps is on the contrasts between these two groups of districts, the population and education level statistics for all 29 districts of Taichung City are shown on the maps.

 

A total of 16 maps were made showing data for all of Taichung City. In addition, five close up maps were made for each of the seven coastal districts. On the close up maps there is enough room to include the name, in Chinese characters, for each of the neighborhoods in each district.

 

All-Taichung Maps:

 

Map A shows the December, 2017, population for all 625 neighborhoods of Taichung City. The seven coastal districts are enclosed by a heavy black line while the eight core urban districts are enclosed by a heavy red line. The population, number of Protestant churches, and the ratio of the population divided by the number of Protestant churches are given on the face of the map for the two groups of districts. Locations of Protestant churches are also given on the map. [Note that the church locations for the seven coastal districts are from the 2017 – 2018 Taiwan Church Handbook* but the church locations for all the other districts in Taichung City are from either the 2013 – 2014 or 2015 – 2016 Taiwan Church Handbooks so they are not quite up to date. The time required to update the church locations for the 22 non-coastal districts was not justified for a project that focuses primarily on the seven coastal districts.]

 

Map B shows the population / number of Protestant churches ratio for all 29 districts of Taichung. This ratio is over 11,000 for five of the seven coastal districts while the ratio is much lower for each of the eight core urban districts.

 

Maps C, D, E show three district level measures of educational attainment for those who are 15 years old, or older. The C map displays the percentage of this age group that did not go beyond junior high school graduation in their formal education. There is a wide range for this number. The highest percentage, 38.7%, is for Taan, one of the coastal districts, while the lowest percentage, 14.6%, is for Nantun, one of the core urban districts. The D map shows the percentage of the age group that graduated from junior high school, enrolled in high school or higher levels, but did not graduate from college. In contrast to the C map, this percentage falls into a relatively narrow range from 46% to 54.9% for all the districts of Taichung. Even so, the districts having the higher values of this percentage are nearly all clustered near the core urban districts. The E map shows the percentage of those 15 years old, or older, that have a college, or high degree. The map shows a clear concentration of those with college, or higher, degrees in the core urban districts while the lowest percentages of those having degrees are along the northern edge and eastern end of Taichung.

 

Maps F, G, H, I all show neighborhood level data for the percentage of those 15 years old, or older, that did not go beyond junior high school graduation in their formal education. The F map shows the data for all neighborhoods of Taichung. A note on the map gives the overall percentage for the seven coastal districts as 30.1% vs. 16.4% for the core urban districts. To better see the data, maps G, H, and I show only those neighborhoods for which the percentage that did not go beyond junior high graduation was over 25% (map G), over 30% (map H), and over 35% (Map I).

 

Maps J, K both show neighborhood level data for the percentage of the population 15 years old, or older, that graduated from junior high school, may have attended high school, junior college, or college, but did not graduate from college. A note on the J map shows that the overall percentage for the seven coastal districts was 48% while this number for the core urban districts was only slightly higher at 51.2%. The closeness of these two percentages are a good indication that most of the population throughout Taichung falls into this middle range for educational attainment. The K map shows all the neighborhoods for which this percentage is above 50%. The clustering of these neighborhoods near the core urban districts is very clear.

 

Maps L, M, N, O all show neighborhood level data for the percentage of those 15 years old, or older, that have a college, or higher degree. Map L shows this percentage for all the neighborhoods of Taichung. A note on the map indicates that, overall, 32.4% of this age group has a college, or higher, degree in the core urban districts while this figure is 21.8% for the seven coastal districts. Maps M, N, and O show only those neighborhoods for which the percentage that did have a college, or higher, degree was over 25% (map M), over 30% (map N), and less than 20% (Map O). Map M, and even more so map N, show a clear concentration of the college educated in the core urban districts. Map O shows every neighborhood for which the percentage of those 15 years old, and older, that have a college, or higher, degree is less than 20%. There are 195 such neighborhoods in Taichung, having a total population of 477,000 (see note on the map).

 

Map P uses pie charts to summarize the proportions of the population 15 years old, or older, that fall into three categories of educational attainment for each of the districts of Taichung. While the green portion of the pie charts doesn’t vary that much for Taichung’s 29 districts the red (college educated) and orange (didn’t go beyond junior high graduation) can be quite different for different districts.

 

Map Q shows the December, 2017, gender ratio for all the neighborhoods of Taichung. The blue areas indicate that there are a significantly more females than males. The red areas show that there are significantly more males than females with the highest ratio being 144 males for every 100 females. The green areas are neighborhoods for which the male and female population are fairly close to being balanced. Note that the blue areas are nearly all in the core urban districts, with the exception of a significant cluster of blue neighborhoods in Fengyuan.

 

Close Up District Maps For the Seven Coastal Districts:

 

The following close up maps were made for each of the seven coastal districts. The name of each neighborhood in Chinese characters is given on the maps.

 

Map A shows the December, 2017, population for each neighborhood and the locations of the Protestant churches listed for the district in the 2017 – 2018 Taiwan Church Handbook*.

 

Map B shows the percentage of the population, 15 years old, and older, that did not go beyond junior high school graduation in their formal education for each neighborhood plus Protestant church locations.

 

Map C shows the percentage of the population, 15 years old, and older, that have a college, or higher, degree plus Protestant church locations.

 

Map D shows neighborhood borders and Protestant church locations over satellite imagery. This map can give a rough idea of where the population is concentrated in comparison to where the churches are located. The names of the neighborhood are not given on this map since they would obscure the view of the satellite imagery. The neighborhood names can be seen on maps A, B, C, and E.

 

Map E shows the December, 2017, gender ratio for each neighborhood.

 

I hope that this set of maps will be useful tools for prayer and ministry planning for those involved in the work of the gospel in Taichung City, and, especially, for ministry in the seven coastal districts where the Protestant church presence is significantly weaker.

 

I am again thankful to Taiwan Missionary Fellowship for posting these maps on their website so they can be easily accessible for the Lord’s servants in Taiwan.

 

George McFall, TEAM, October, 2018

*Church data source: 2017 - 2018 Taiwan Church Handbook, Christian Resource Center, Taichung 統計的來源: 2017 - 2018 年台閩地區基督教堂會, 宗派, 宣教機構一覽表 基督教資料中心發行, 台中

 

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